The Difference Between Honor Killings And Honor Suicide

An honor killing is where a person is killed due to his or her immoral actions, normally by a relative, in order to restore honor to the family. This practice is normally aimed at women who have been found guilty of an immoral practice.

An honor suicide on the other hand is a practice whereby a person takes their own life in order to restore honor to themselves, their family or a master. Honor suicides can take many different forms and can either be voluntary or coerced.

A form of voluntary honor suicide is seen the ancient ritual of Japanese Seppuku. This is where a Samurai would kill himself when he has been found to be dishonorable to save his Daimyo from the shame of having to take his life. Shimbu-tai is another form of Japanese suicide where a soldier takes his own life in a way that will inflict maximum damage and casualties on the enemy.

Coerced honor suicide is normally where a woman who has committed an immoral act is persuaded that there is no other way for her to restore honor or to continue life other than to kill herself. This is normally done by threatening torture, death or imprisonment of herself, family members or loved ones.

Immoral acts in both the form of honor killing and suicide can range widely. Dressing salaciously, conversing with men, adultery, rape and other acts are all considered to be reason for an honor suicide or killing.

Unfortunately, in some circumstances, no evidence of the alleged act is necessary for the practice to be enforced. In most cases, the husband, father or other relative will force the woman into a position where she thinks she has no other option.

The practice is also widely used to cover up the crime of murder. Due to the fact that honor suicides are rarely investigated in the countries in which they are practiced, it is the ideal means to literally get away with murder.

The main similarity between the two is that the act is meant to restore honor to another person or family by the taking of a life. The difference lies mainly in the means in which this is achieved, the one through suicide and the other through death at the hand of a relative or other person.

Both of these practices are highly controversial as there is no legal or legislated way of determining guilt or innocence. However, in most countries where they are practiced, the law simply overlooks the murder or suicide. In other words, even though they are illegal in most countries around the world, they are not policed as they should be.

Honor killings can however result in charges of murder. Honor suicides on the other hand that were used as means to cover up a murder rarely result in charges due to the lack of investigation into the issue. The U.N. has started making moves to ensure that all honor suicides are investigated.

Different Forms Of Honor-Based Violence

While ‘honor killings‘ is the most commonly discussed aspect of this phenomenon, it is actually only one of a link of control exercised over women’s lives. In ‘honor’ cultures women and men are subject to the wishes of the elders in their family and in the community who presume to act in the greater good of the culture as a whole. Children or adults who step outside of the cultural boundaries or insist on their own autonomy are considered to selfish and disruptive and to violate the honor of the family and therefore the community.

Women are particularly targeted and constantly subjected to surveillance to prevent them from transgressing the honor code of the family and thereby bringing into disrepute. Women brought up in honor cultures have little or no privacy at home, and few opportunities for socializing outside their immediate kinship network. The family feels honor bound to restrict a woman’s movements to prevent them from developing relationships outside the community group. Such a control ethnic controls a woman’s freedom of association and movement to such an extent that they are denied opportunities to socialize in a wider world, freedom to choose who they have relationships with, and choosing to seek help when violence or coercion occurs. Responses to a perceived slight on the family honor vary according to family preference and the public nature of the behavior that is seen as “dishonoring”.

Motives For Honor-Based Violence

Some of the most common motives for committing honor-based violence are:
– Loss of virginity in unmarried women;
– Extramarital affairs;
– Homosexuality;
– Insulting an elder family member;
– Rebellion against traditional dress, occupation or forms of behavior;
– Honor conflicts such as inheritance disputes
– Refusal to take part in honor-based violence against others.

Forms of Honor-Based Violence

Young girls and women are the most common victims of honour-based violence which can take many different forms, however, boys and men are often victims too. Girls or women who have displayed dishonoring behavior are often disowned by the family, abused, or forced to have an abortion. Examples of honor-based violence include:
– Physical abuse such as beating and kicking;
– Abandonment (leaving a person behind in their country of origin or forcing them to go back there;
– Forced suicide
– Psychological pressure such as threats, humiliation and strict monitoring of movement and behavior;
– Honor killing (murdering a person);
– Forced abortion or hymen ‘repair’;
– Abduction and imprisonment.

Sometimes when a woman falls pregnant outside of marriage and this is unknown outside the immediate family circle, the family may consider an abortion and a hymen repair a better solution than committing honor-based violence which is a crime. However, if her condition becomes common knowledge, the family may have to resort to more severe forms of punishment to quell the negative reactions from the community. Consent to such drastic medical procedures is either acquired under duress or not at all. When given the choice between hymenoplasty and an unwanted abortion, and death at the hands of a family member, it is impossible not to consent. Such methods violate a woman’s rights over her own body.

In countries where honor-killings are vigorously prosecuted, a strategy is deployed to force a woman to kill herself in order for the perpetrator to be found technically innocent of murder. This is particularly common in certain regions of Turkey. It is never clear whether forced suicide was due to direct coercion, whether a woman is honor-bound to kill herself in order to spare a family member from going to jail, whether an honor-killing has been disguised as suicide, or whether a woman has truly committed suicide to escape the unbearable violence, restrictions, disfavour and abuse by her life family. No matter what the issue is, it’s a criminal act.

What World Religions Practice Honor Killings?

Honor has been passed down from generation to generation and is a concept that is ingrained in many societies.

It is something that has transcended life and is a part of living for people. One of the reasons for honor being such a healthy subject and one that is adhered to passionately involves religion. Many deviants who go through with honor killings point towards religious expectations and rules as a reason for their actions.

This read is going to analyze world religions where honor killings are practiced and used as a way to manage honor.

Islam

This is the first religion that pops up when it comes to honor killings, and it has a rich history with the concept.

While numerous clerics have stated honor killings are “un-Islamic,” the understanding of religion by various Muslim states and its citizens have made it a connected subject. Many perpetrators who go ahead with honor killings use Islam as a means to describe their murder and why it was necessary to restore honor to their family.

Islamic nations also have relaxed regulations when it comes to honor killings, and this can be a major issue for victims receiving justice. The religion has been associated with numerous followers who have decided to go ahead and use Islam as a means to justify honor killings.

Judaism

While Judaism hasn’t seen a comprehensive set of international cases such as Islam, it had a phase during a time where honor killings were tolerated.

This was a time when Judaism was spreading, and honor was seen as an important concept to keep the tribes together. If not, it would lead to the disintegration of the community, and that wasn’t acceptable. This is why honor killings were permissible and something that had been used as a tool to control family members.

Christianity

It was at the time of the early civilizations where honor killings were practiced with great vigor.

Various civilizations felt it was appropriate to use the religion to justify honor and make sure it was protected at all costs. This meant the religion was spread and it became a prominent part of life. While it is not as prominent now and the religion has seen a change in how things are done, it is a religion that has been associated with honor killings in the past.

Its history can be connected to the concept of honor to this day.

These are the religions where honor is practiced, and honor killings are justified using religion. While most nations understand honor killings are unacceptable and do punish those who are guilty, the punishments are still not as severe in various nations around the world.

A lot of work is being done to work with these nations to ensure religion isn’t used as a crux by deviants who perform these killings to protect honor. Progress has been made with most nations strengthening their legal system to protect men or women who are victims of honor killings.

What Is The Difference Between Shame and Dishonor?

In society, the term “honor” is thrown around to describe a person’s social standing and how their actions impact that stature.

If the wrong action takes place, it can harm a person’s honor whether it’s through lying, cheating, or doing something else that’s perceived as being dishonest. However, the same people start using terms such as “shame” and “dishonor” in the same light leading to confusion.

This article is going to dissect both words and illustrate the context they’re used in or should be used in while speaking about the subject of honor.

Shame

This is a personal feeling of a perceived action (i.e. lying, cheating).

A person will feel shame if they are to commit something that’s wrong or looked down upon. The context can vary as to what would make a person feel shame, but in the end, it is a personal feeling. It might not have anything to do with someone else.

In general, a person who puts themselves in this position feels they have wronged another party, been wronged by someone, or have reduced their stature in society. This can come as a result of what others might say or what they feel is right.

A person who feels shame can often relate to the painful feeling inside and might become aware of what others think of him/her. It illustrates a state of consciousness to what should or should not bring shame to a person.

Dishonor

In comparison, dishonor has nothing to do with personal feelings and is an external term.

It means when a person has committed an action (i.e. lying, cheating) that goes against societal norms or what is perceived to be honorable. Dishonor does not have to relate to the person who has committed the act but also those in his/her family or near him/her.

An individual who dishonors another person will have brought shame to them.

The person is going to feel shame for the actions of another leading to a dishonored state. In some cases, “honor” has to be defined for a person to show signs of dishonor. It can be something as straightforward as lying or something as extensive as adultery depending on the situation at hand.

This can also impact how a person reacts to this state of dishonor or how they are treated by others around them. It is important to differentiate between the terms due to this reason as it can have an impact on how actions are perceived.

The terms are often interchanged when they should not be. A person can quickly feel shame without being dishonored.

These definitions play a major role when it comes to the subject of honor killings where a man/woman is killed due to the shame felt by their family members. Due to the shame felt by these family members, they try to make amends by killing the accused party.

This can have a profound impact on how society views honor and how a person feels “shame” for his/her actions.

Honor and Dishonor

Throughout the ages, we have heard of the terms “honor” and “dishonor.” From the samurai warriors who centered their belief system around honor, to the soldiers of today who receive honorable or dishonorable discharges, honor and dishonor have a lot to do with how others view us and how we view ourselves. In this article, we will discuss the differences between both.

1. Honor

“Honor” is a term that refers to being morally upright, virtuous, noble, and altogether good as an individual. A person who could be described as “honorable” or “having honor” would be an individual who displayed these qualities as well as a sense of dignity. A person like this would have a good reputation and be easy to respect.

Another way to use the word “honor” would be in reference to a privilege that a person was able to enjoy. For example, if someone was able to speak at a charity event, they could say that they had the honor of being able to stand up and say a few words to everyone.

The samurai warriors of long ago (Japan) followed a strict code of honor called “Bushido.” This code stressed the importance of loyalty, frugality, serenity, wisdom, and honor until death. These warriors believed that violence was to be used only when necessary, and that to be truly honorable one would need to practice peace and tranquility above all else. Today, although we do not follow Bushido in and of itself, the points stressed by this way of life are still put into practice by those who want to be honorable.

2. Dishonor

“Dishonor” is a term that is derived from “honor.” It refers to behaviors and actions that are in stark contrast to those that are honorable. It also refers to a state of disgrace and shame. If an individual were to act in such a way that was dishonorable, they would bring discredit and disgrace to themselves and possibly others close to them, earning a negative reputation.

Another definition of the word “dishonor” would be in reference to a contract or obligation that someone agreed to. If one was to fulfill the obligation or contract, it could be said that one honored their end of the deal. However, if that person was to not hold up their end of the bargain or contract, it could be said that they dishonored the terms of the agreement.

In conclusion, to be “honorable” means to hold yourself to a set of standards that relate to morality, loyalty, and other positive attributes. An honorable person will hold true to promises and agreements and enjoy the esteem of others. One who is described as being “dishonorable” is the exact opposite. This individual would not see through their agreements, nor would they enjoy a positive reputation. History has shown that those who display the qualities synonymous with honor are better people and people who are seen in a positive light by others. Clearly, we want to strive to be honorable and let ourselves be known for being individuals who can be trusted and relied on.

What Is The Difference Between Femicide And Honor Killings?

Femicide is the killing of a female (woman or girl) specifically due to her gender.

Honor killing, on the other hand, is the killing of a family member (in most cases a female) due to the fact that they have brought dishonor upon their family and not due to their gender.

Femicide is most notable in China where female babies and young girls are often killed by their parents due to the one child policy. It is preferable in Chinese culture to have a son to inherit the family name, status as well as property. Girls do not carry this privilege and are only worthy to improve a family’s status through an arranged marriage. Female babies are therefore often killed in order to give a couple the chance to try for a son.

However, this form of regulation has become disadvantages in this Asian society. The lack of marriageable girls or women has caused the price for a respectable bride to rise and has also resulted in many men being unable to find a suitable marriage partner.

Honor killings are largely practiced in conservative Middle Eastern countries. There are many different reasons that can be presented for an honor killing from simply dressing incorrectly to committing adultery. However, adultery is the most common reason for an honor killing. Crimes such as rape can also be used as a reason for honor killing.

It is called an honor killing as the process is meant to restore honor to the husband and family of the woman who has been considered to have been immoral. Honor killings are highly controversial and are commonly enforced privately or by society or religious leaders rather than by a judicial system. This does not mean those honor killings are legal in most countries where this is practiced. Women can be severely injured, beaten or murdered if they bring dishonor on their household.

One of the most common forms of honor killing is forced suicide. Forced suicide is where a woman who has been considered to have committed an immoral act is manipulated or coerced into killing herself. Manipulation can be in the form of persuading her to commit suicide in order to restore honor to her family.

Coercion can take the form of threats to her personal safety, health or even life or those of her family making it preferable for her to kill herself rather than suffer or let her loved ones suffer the consequences of her dishonor.

However, in some cases, no immoral act may be committed and evidence may be fabricated. In other cases, the murder of a woman may be concealed as a suicide. Most female suicides are not investigated in depth making it an easy solution for a husband or other person to kill a woman.

Both femicide and honor killings are highly controversial and contribute to the subjugation and oppression of woman in many different types of societies and cultures around the world.

In-depth Details About The Honor Killing of Leila Hussein

The original honor killing was against Leila Hussein’s daughter named Rand Abdel-Qader.

Leila Hussain resided in Basra, Iraq with her family and became a target after she spoke out about the honor killing of her daughter.

Rand Abdel-Qader was murdered due to her perceived affair with a British man near the Basra area and this caused major grievance in the area where such affairs were unheard of. Here is more on the Leila Hussein honor killing and how it all came about from start to finish.

Who Was Leila Hussein?

On the day of the honor killing, Leila Hussein was looking to flee the country and get away from her husband or those who were looking for her.

She was unable to make it out as unknown assailants got to her first. However, additional reports came out stating she was killed in an unrelated incident and wasn’t caught by someone associated with the husband.

Reason for Honor Killing

As mentioned, the honor killing was instigated after the actions of her daughter Rand Abdel-Qader.

Rand Abdel-Qader was understood to have a relationship (platonic) with one of the British officers near the Basra area. When the family found out, the father decided it was time to kill his teenage daughter. He was able to do this with the help of local police who had turned a blind eye towards the murder.

Leila Hussein was not happy about what had transpired and felt it was important for her to fight back against her husband. She was later killed for this reason. She started to speak out about what her husband had done, and it was uncommon for a woman to do this in Iraq.

She got into an argument with the father after he was released from prison and that led to a physical altercation at their home in Basra. She was hit, and that broke her arm.

She started to run from safe house to safe house in a bid to avoid those who were looking to get her in Basra. She felt it was better to die on the run than to live with a man who had killed her daughter for honor.

The case received coverage around the world but didn’t catch on among the locals where the husband was living.

Follow-up of Case

What happened to the husband who had committed to honor killing of his daughter and admitted it?

He was held for two hours before being released by the local police. This was despite the police knowing he had committed the crime along with having a potential hand in the murder of his wife, Leila Hussein. The family buried the daughter and reportedly spat on the grave while doing so.

The brothers were found to have been involved in the murder along with the father when it came to the daughter.

The connection to the wife was never confirmed, and it was reportedly buried by the local police.

Important Details About The Honor Killing Of Qandeel Baloch

The honor killing of Qandeel Baloch is still seen as one of the most reported and critiqued honor killings of all time due to her stature at the time as a social media star. People from all walks of life including Theresa May, Imran Khan, Bilawal Bhutto, Maryam Nawaz, and others criticized the brothers and what they had done to their sister.

It has been a case that has been spoken about with passion around the world and is still remembered to this day.

Here is more on the honor killing of Qandeel Baloch.

Who Was Qandeel Baloch?

Fouzia Azeem or “Qandeel Baloch” (her stage name) was a famous artist and social media star at the time of her death. She had gained popularity for some of her work including a music video. She was well-recognized online and was viewed by numerous people from all parts of the world.

She was 26-years-old at the time of her death and was married to a man named Ashiq Hussain. She had a child with Mr. Hussain.

Qandeel Baloch lived with her two brothers and parents at the time of her death.

Day of Honor Killing

Qandeel Baloch was staying with her parents in Multan along with her siblings. The brothers decided she had hurt their honor due to the work she was doing in the media.

On the day of the honor killing, the brother entered her room and strangled her to death. The method used to choke her was to cover her nose and mouth until she couldn’t breathe any longer.

The original call was made for a shooting at home but, that was changed after on-scene investigators noticed the marks around her neck and face. It was then changed to death by asphyxiation.

Reason for Honor Killing

What was the underlying reason for Waseem to go ahead and kill his sister Qandeel Baloch? This was the question asked of him after he was arrested by the local police.

The reason given was she had ruined the family’s honor, and her work was not in line with cultural norms.

The brother stated his friends used to taunt him about Qandeel and what she was doing online leading to his anger. He wanted to avoid having to deal with those insults any longer and felt it was time to do something about it, which is why the honor killing occurred in Multan.

Conviction After Honor Killing

What happened to the brother who committed this act against Qandeel Baloch in Pakistan.

The case received incredible worldwide attention for how it was committed along with who it was committed against. Since Qandeel Baloch was a renowned figure, it became a case that was followed in detail.

The brother was charged with murder via asphyxiation and another brother was accused for pushing him into the act of honor killing. The father provided a statement against both of his sons for their actions.

Various legal changes by an intellectual property law firm are being proposed in Pakistan to apprehend and convict individuals who commit honor killings.

The Details Regarding The Honor Killing Of Du’a Khalil Aswad

In 2007, a 17-year-old Kurdish Yazidi girl named Du’a Khalil Aswad was killed when she was stoned to death by her community for committing a crime from the heart. She had fallen in love with a Muslim boy. A mob of angry men beat and stoned her to death in northern Iraq. This mob included not only neighbors of the girl, but also members of her own family.

This love relationship was something that was not approved of by her community, and the killing is known as an ‘honor’ killing. However, the news of the killing did not receive large media coverage because of the details surrounding her death, but because someone videotaped the brutal killing and released the footage online.

Throughout Iraq and other parts of the region, attacks similar to the Aswad’s are performed on women who decide to make their own decisions about certain issues like:

• Marriage
• Divorce
• Relationships

In the United States and other western countries, many people believe that it is this type of brutality that the Iraqi War and the democratization of Iraq by the United States was meant to stop. Unfortunately, the opposite is true. There have been more honor killings since the invasion of the United States. This is due largely to the fact the United States has enacted certain measures in the region.

Asylum

Prior to the stoning, several news agencies reported that Aswad was sheltered by one of the Yazidi tribe’s leader because she feared for her life. She remained in hiding until her family was able to persuade her that she had been forgiven. Others report stated that she was given asylum by a Muslim Sheikh who was in the area. It has not been revealed whether or not the family that contacted her were the ones responsible for her demise.

The video also does not clearly show whether she was ambushed in the street or dragged out of her home. The number of attackers have been estimated from the hundreds to the thousands.

The Stoning

The stoning occurred in Bashika. She was taken to the center of town, and stripped nude to show that she disrespected her family and dishonored her religion. The stoning lasted for 30 minutes and Aswad can be seen in the video begging for help and attempting to stand. After she died, her body was dragged through the streets tied to the back of the car. Her body was buried with the dead body of a dog, to further disrespect her.

Understanding Honor Killings

These are killings that committed by men so they can ‘restore honor’ to their families after a woman has committed an immoral act. These murders are similar to the ‘crimes of passion’ murders that occur in the United States, Europe and Latin America. The woman who is murder, as well as those who attempt to defend her, is seen as guilty because she dishonored her family.

The honor killing of Du’a Khalil Aswad serves as a reminder. Countless women are faced every day with death threats and intimidation when choosing to go against cultural norms.

Key Details About The Honor Killing of Noor Faleh Almaleki

Recent studies have shown most honor killings in Western nations are committed by immigrants who bring their cultural values back to the States and remain in conflict about their viewpoints. An example of such a case was seen with Noor Faleh Almaleki and her father.

In this case, the setting was in the heart of America (Phoenix) where the Almaleki family lived.

It was a case that went through numerous days of media coverage and stunned the local population due to how it was committed and the reasoning behind it.

Who Was Noor Faleh Almaleki?

Noor Faleh Almaleki was a young adult at the age of 20 when she was killed by her father.

She had moved to the United States with her parents in the 90s. At the time, Noor Faleh Almaleki was adjusting to living in the area and started to assimilate with the rest of the population. This ended up becoming one of the main reasons that perturbed the father and led to the honor killing later on.

Noor Faleh Almaleki was run down according to the boyfriend’s mother.

Day of Honor Killing

What occurred on the day of the honor killing with Noor Faleh Almaleki?

She was in a Phoenix parking lot with the boyfriend’s mother when her father drove up to them. He decided to take his car and hit her with it and that killed her on the spot. Along with Noor, the boyfriend’s mother was also injured during the incident in the parking lot.

Due to this reason, Faleh Hassan Almaleki ran away from the crime scene after he made sure the daughter had been hit. He was later caught by the local police department after trying to board a plane to Britain. He was stopped and sent back to the United States.

Reason for Honor Killing

What was the reason given by Faleh Hassan Almaleki when it came to murdering his daughter?

In the court of law, the reason he gave was the daughter had become “too Westernized” and was not behaving based on the cultural views he and his family held. It was believed the parents were hoping to get the daughter married to a cousin in Iraq at the time albeit a failed marriage.

Since she refused and had a boyfriend, the father felt his daughter had fallen out of control and was not listening to him.

This was when it was decided he would murder her.

Follow-up of Case

What happened to Faleh Hassan Almaleki after he committed the murder?

The case was heard in the Maricopa County in front of a jury. The father was found guilty and sentenced to 34 years in prison for his actions. He was convicted of second-degree murder and aggravated assault against the boyfriend’s mother, Amal Edan Khalaf.

He was given 16 years for the murder sentence and an additional 15 years for the aggravated assault. While he received an extra 3.5 years for not remaining on the scene of the crime.